Biorefineries play a central role in Eni's evolution because they contribute to the achievement of our main goal: the total decarbonization of all our products and processes by 2050. Advanced biofuels play a key role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector. Biorefineries, too, are the result of our constant commitment to research and technological innovation. Through the development of proprietary technologies patented by our Research Centres, we have completely redesigned the traditional refineries in Venice and Gela, where raw biomaterials are now processed: plant-based oils, animal fats, used cooking oils or algae extracts. Today we have a total processing capacity of 1.1 million tonnes per year and in the 2021-2024 Strategic Plan we have set the goal of doubling our total capacity by 2024, reaching 5–6 million tonnes by 2050. Furthermore, by 2023, our biorefineries will be palm oil free, meaning they will not use palm oil in production. Instead, alternative inputs, such as cooking and frying oils, animal fats and waste from plant-oil processing, and advanced inputs, such as algae, waste oils, as well as lignocellulosic materials and bio-oils, will be used.
A further line of development in the field of advanced fuels produced from waste concerns the possibility of obtaining pyrolysis oil from the treatment of end-of-life tyres (ELTs). This particular area is the subject of an agreement with Ecopneus signed in July 2021, to carry out studies and trials aimed at assessing the most suitable technologies for exploiting ELTs and obtaining both energy products (pyrolysis oil) and chemical products (asphalts, sports surfaces, acoustic insulation, street furniture, etc.) with a view to encouraging the circular economy.