One of the 17 goals of the UN’s 2030 Agenda for restoring the balance on our planet is protecting the environment. This is a crucial issue, in honour of which it holds World Environment Day every 5 June.
Filippo Giorgi, a climatologist at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, the only Italian scientist to sit on the executive body of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (also co-recipient of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with American environmentalist politician Al Gore), asserted that "pollution and greenhouse gases at historic lows, clear waters and nature blooming."
Now more than ever, the energy transition from a system using 80% fossil fuels to one based on clean energies is seen as a worldwide priority. With the European Green Deal, the EU has recognised this need, aiming to provide society with a modern, competitive economy that uses resources efficiently, so it no longer generates greenhouse gas emissions. The European Commission’s aim is to make the bloc the first carbon-neutral “continent” by 2050. Over the past 20 years, the EU has gradually become a driving force in the transition to renewable energies and the development of new energy efficiency solutions for industry, transport and buildings. However, in Italy only 18% of primary energy and 35% of electricity come from renewable sources.