Hydrogen will play a central role in the EU’s Green New Deal. That much is clear from the recent proposals from the European Commission on hydrogen and integrated energy systems. It’s an ambitious plan that aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions roughly in half by 2030 and totally by 2050.
But how, you ask? Well, expanding the hydrogen sector to replace fossil fuels is felt to be one of the most convincing solutions. That’s how the Clean Hydrogen Alliance was born, which brings together institutions, businesses and research initiatives under the banner of “clean” hydrogen. The hydrogen we use today (known as “grey” hydrogen) is produced, for mostly industrial purposes and in limited quantities, from fossil fuels, and its low production costs make it appealing to investors. But the main thing is, it’s not sustainable from an environmental point of view, so it’s not feasible to use it on a large scale, as demanded by the EU’s strategy, which wants quarter of the bloc’s energy demand covered by hydrogen by 2050. That’s why the EU has decided to encourage a move to clean hydrogen, i.e. hydrogen that doesn’t emit CO₂. Brussels has its sights fixed most of all on so-called “green hydrogen”, produced by electrolysing water using renewable energies.