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The vital importance of water

A fundamental resource for the survival of the planet, to be preserved in all our actions.

On 22 March, to celebrate World Water Day – established by the United Nations in 1992 – we shared our commitment to water conservation, prominent in all our operations and projects in Italy and worldwide.

Safeguarding the planet is an integral part of our mission. Accordingly, we take a responsible approach also to the use of water – a vital resource for the Earth and the people. 

Continuing the transformation started in 2014, we aim to be leaders in the transition to a low-carbon future, ensuring that energy can be accessed efficiently and sustainably. 

Our commitment to water stewardship is an integral part of this objective, as we implement actions to mitigate the effects of climate change, such as droughts and desertification. Every year, we map and monitor the water risk to identify the most vulnerable areas and to define short-term actions to mitigate the hazards related.

A commitment to sustainable water management: the CEO Water Mandate

As a clear signal of our commitment, we were one of the first companies in the energy sector to join the UN Global Compact’s CEO Water Mandate, a United Nations initiative that commits participating companies to improve the water management of their operations.

The CEO Water Mandate is supported by more than 180 companies across various sectors. Its objective is to encourage businesses to take practical steps to ensure that water is used sustainably in their industrial processes. Members undertake to improve corporate performance in six core areas – direct operations, supply-chain and watershed management, collective action, public policy and community engagement – and to report progress annually. Contributing to water security and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is one of its primary tasks.

The importance of transparency

Transparency underlies everything we do, a sense of responsibility that informs all our operations. We incorporate these principles at every level and in every business unit. This is also why we apply the standards of the main ESG (environment, social and governance) indices to tackle climate change and conserve water resources.

Water security: Eni and the protection of water resources

We ranked A- on the CDP Water Security questionnaire for transparency and activities to mitigate climate change and to protect water resources – one of the highest scores among companies in our sector. CDP is a not-for-profit organisation which, since 2000, has been managing the largest database recording global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. More than 3,000 organisations in roughly 60 countries, including all of the world’s major economies, send their emissions data to CDP, which classifies them into an index. The organisation also assesses the climate-related strategies and performance of stock-exchange listed companies. The questionnaire helps Companies to focus their efforts on reducing environmental impacts, conserving water resources and protecting forests. It encourages businesses to capitalise on opportunities and guides the actions of investors and customers in striving for a more sustainable world.

CDP Water Security


Water in the context of the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Universal access to clean water is an essential global ambition, enshrined in Goal 6 of the United Nations’ Agenda 2030. Goal 14, meanwhile, is focused on protecting marine and coastal ecosystems and reducing contamination and acidification of the seas and oceans by promoting sustainable fishing practices and scientific research. Finally, Goal 15, too, relates indirectly to the stewardship of water resources and safeguarding biodiversity by protecting and restoring land-based ecosystems.



Biodiversity and Eni

An in-depth longform exploring definitions and basic concepts relating to biodiversity and ecosystem services, of which water resources are a fundamental aspect. These are all matters on which we are constantly at work, in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

Go to the longform

Eni Rewind and water treatment

Eni Rewind, environmental company, is involved in remediation and monitoring of groundwater at our industrial sites. In 2019, the company treated a total of 31 million cubic metres of water, recovering roughly 5 million for reuse.

In Brindisi, a new osmosis-membrane plant has come on stream. Managed by Enipower, it is capable of producing demineralised water from seawater, thus drastically reducing the need to withdraw fresh water from surface and underground sources. The project, undertaken at Enipower’s Brindisi, makes possible to use demineralised water both for producing thermoelectric energy and in the production processes of the other companies on site. Thanks to synergies and Eni’s constant drive to optimise the use of water resources, the plant has been connected to the Eni Rewind TAF, leading to a further reduction of sea water withdrawals. The plant continues to rely on seawater as its primary raw material, but – for the same level of production – reduces the volume of water withdrawn by approximately 6 million cubic metres per year

The Metaponto Centre for water-related research

In March 2019, Eni and Italy’s National Research Council (CNR) signed an agreement to set up four research centres of excellence in southern Italy dedicated to sustainable environmental and economic development.

One of these is the Eni-Metaponto Water (CNR), located in the Basilicata Region. Inaugurated in 2019, its objective is to increase scientific knowledge and study innovative solutions and technologies likely to enhance the efficiency of water use in agriculture, thereby mitigating the worsening impacts of drought in the Mediterranean and in other strategic areas, such as the Horn of Africa, the Sahel and the Middle East.

Finger touches water close up

A thousands routes of water

10 March 2020

Water access projects

Eni has always combined its energy-related activities with initiatives that improve its host communities lives. One of our guidelines for creating value is to form alliances to promote local development in the countries where we operate. We are committed not only to developing the resources of producer countries, ensuring that their gas is sold on the local market and improving access to electricity, but also to promoting a broad portfolio of initiatives in favour of local communities, in particular projects that improve access to clean water.


Water: a sustainable resource

Among the main global risks, it requires efficient management to meet the needs of a growing population.

But water is also essential for food security and energy production. The issue of water crisis and solutions to address it.

Finger touches water close up