L'importanza dell'acqua

The vital importance of water

A fundamental resource for the survival of the planet, to be preserved in all our actions.

Safeguarding a limited and increasingly exploited resource such as water is central to the path of global sustainable development. Respect for the planet is an integral part of our mission, where we are careful to promote a responsible approach to the use of water, a vital resource for Earth and for mankind.

Continuing the transformation started in 2014, we aim to lead the energy transition towards a low-carbon future, promoting access to energy in an efficient and sustainable way for all.

Our commitment to safeguarding water as a resource is an integral part of this objective and includes measures to mitigate the effects of climate change, such as water scarcity and desertification.

We have strengthened our commitment by publishing Eni's Positioning on Water for the first time. This is a further step towards reinforcing the commitments set out in the CEO Water Mandate and is in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, acting in harmony with local needs, with the aim of fostering social development and safeguarding ecosystems. We have been taking an integrated, cross-departmental approach for some time, involving specialist departments and business lines. This enables us to map and monitor water risk to identify the most vulnerable areas and define measures to mitigate water risk.

Eni's commitments on Water
Eni's commitments on Water
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A commitment to sustainable water management: the CEO Water Mandate

In keeping with the approach we have expressed through our positioning, and to give a clear signal of our commitment, we have decided to join the CEO Water Mandate from the UN Global Compact, an initiative that requires participating companies to improve water management in their business. We are one of the first companies in the energy sector to join. 

The CEO Water Mandate is supported by more than 180 companies across various sectors. Its objective is to encourage businesses to take practical steps to ensure that water is used sustainably in their industrial processes. Members undertake to improve corporate performance in six core areas – direct operations, supply-chain and watershed management, collective action, public policy and community engagement – and to report progress annually. Contributing to water security and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is one of its primary tasks.

The importance of transparency

Transparency underlies everything we do, a sense of responsibility that informs all our operations. We incorporate these principles at every level and in every business unit. This is also why we apply the standards of the main ESG (environment, social and governance) indices.

Water security: Eni and the protection of water resources

We ranked A- on the CDP Water Security questionnaire for transparency on water resources management – one of the highest scores among companies in our sector. CDP is a not-for-profit organisation which assesses the performance and strategies of listed companies on climate, water resources and the sustainability of biomass used in production processes. The questionnaire helps Companies to focus their efforts on reducing environmental impacts, conserving water resources and protecting forests. It encourages businesses to capitalise on opportunities and guides the actions of investors and customers in striving for a more sustainable world.

CDP Water Security

L'importanza dell'acqua
L'importanza dell'acqua

Water in the context of the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Universal access to clean water is an essential global ambition, enshrined in Goal 6 of the United Nations’ Agenda 2030. Goal 14, meanwhile, is focused on protecting marine and coastal ecosystems and reducing contamination and acidification of the seas and oceans by promoting sustainable fishing practices and scientific research. Finally, Goal 15, too, relates indirectly to the stewardship of water resources and safeguarding biodiversity by protecting and restoring land-based ecosystems.



Biodiversity and Eni

An in-depth longform exploring definitions and basic concepts relating to biodiversity and ecosystem services, of which water resources are a fundamental aspect. These are all matters on which we are constantly at work, in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

Go to the longform

Eni Rewind and water treatment

Eni Rewind, environmental company, is involved in remediation and monitoring of groundwater at our industrial sites. In 2019, the company treated a total of 31 million cubic metres of water, recovering roughly 5 million for reuse.

In Brindisi, a new osmosis-membrane plant has come on stream. Managed by Enipower, it is capable of producing demineralised water from seawater, thus drastically reducing the need to withdraw fresh water from surface and underground sources. The project, undertaken at Enipower’s Brindisi, makes possible to use demineralised water both for producing thermoelectric energy and in the production processes of the other companies on site. Thanks to synergies and Eni’s constant drive to optimise the use of water resources, the plant has been connected to the Eni Rewind TAF, leading to a further reduction of sea water withdrawals. The plant continues to rely on seawater as its primary raw material, but – for the same level of production – reduces the volume of water withdrawn by approximately 6 million cubic metres per year

The Metaponto Centre for water-related research

In March 2019, Eni and Italy’s National Research Council (CNR) signed an agreement to set up four research centres of excellence in southern Italy dedicated to sustainable environmental and economic development.

One of these is the Eni-Metaponto Water (CNR), located in the Basilicata Region. Inaugurated in 2019, its objective is to increase scientific knowledge and study innovative solutions and technologies likely to enhance the efficiency of water use in agriculture, thereby mitigating the worsening impacts of drought in the Mediterranean and in other strategic areas, such as the Horn of Africa, the Sahel and the Middle East.


A thousands routes of water

10 March 2020

Water access projects

Eni has always combined its energy-related activities with initiatives that improve its host communities lives. One of our guidelines for creating value is to form alliances to promote local development in the countries where we operate. We are committed not only to developing the resources of producer countries, ensuring that their gas is sold on the local market and improving access to electricity, but also to promoting a broad portfolio of initiatives in favour of local communities, in particular projects that improve access to clean water.


Water: a sustainable resource

Among the main global risks, it requires efficient management to meet the needs of a growing population.

But water is also essential for food security and energy production. The issue of water crisis and solutions to address it.

Il rischio idrico
Il vero valore dell'acqua
Ente nazionale di ricerca CNR