As the European Union continues to play a global leadership role in reacting to climate change, setting itself increasingly ambitious objectives such as achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, Italy is engaged in a vital process of energy transition. Its commitment to pursuing ambitious national decarbonization targets goes hand-in-hand with the promotion of an economic recovery based on a development model in keeping with the United Nations’ Agenda 2030. Italy’s decarbonization policy depends, in particular, on a massive commitment to energy efficiency, investment in renewables and an environmentally friendly conversion of the production system.
Strengthening our traditional business while building new ones, such as renewables, and supporting the circular economy are vital to a clear, low-carbon strategy that will benefit the whole country.
The country in which we started is where we invest the most
The challenges we face
In Italy, we are active in all branches of the energy industry, from Upstream to refining and chemicals, and from R&D to the marketing of our products. In recent years, we have also been increasingly committed to developing renewable sources of energy and to circular economy processes. We are working on a daily basis to develop the most promising technological solutions, in line with the National Energy and Climate Plan, and, in general, with ever more stringent national policy standards. We are carrying forward an ambitious transformation strategy, based on efficiency, digitalization, integration, use of new technologies and development of renewables, so as to offer an increasing number of green, low-carbon and environmentally friendly products, following circular-economy principles. We continue to invest in Italy, developing technologies to change the way in which energy is produced and consumed, generating value for society and the environment through 70 joint ventures with Italian and international universities and research centres, as well as running seven research centres of our own in Italy. This process of transformation began in 2014, in Venice, with a global first: the conversion of a traditional refinery into a biofuel refinery. A project followed up, in 2019, with the conversion to bio of the Gela refinery. This transformation of our refining capacity will enable us to use increasingly sustainable feedstocks and to be palm-oil free by 2030. In future, thanks to an Eni Rewind project, it will be possible to produce bio-oil on an industrial scale, obtained by converting the organic fraction of solid urban wastes, for use in maritime transport or, through bio-refining, for producing high-performance bio-fuels. In 2016, we launched a major photovoltaic deployment project, minimising land use by reclaiming former industrial areas. In 2019, we started another industrial-scale project to develop installations to produce energy from wave power, in conjunction with our partners CDP, Terna and Fincantieri. In 2020, this partnership was boosted by the inauguration of an all-Italian marine energy research laboratory. Also in 2020, we took on new challenges and grasped fresh opportunities, carrying out a feasibility study for a project to capture and store CO₂ in mature-phase underground rock formations in the Ravenna area and promoting the production of hydrogen – a key energy solution for the decarbonization of hard-to-abate sectors – in partnership with major Italian enterprises, including Enel, SNAM and CDP. These are all fruits of the research we are conducting in our laboratories, in conjunction with some of the country’s finest universities and research centres, all of which bears witness to the strategic value Italy places on our development plans.
The main results in Italy
In Italy too we create energy, aiming for efficiency and sustainability in all areas of the business. The following infographics summarise the main 2019 results in the renewable energy sector, Exploration & Production, Gas & Power and Refining & Marketing activities, chemicals and environmental remediation activities through Eni Rewind.
Renewables for the country
Exploration & Production 2019
Gas & Power 2019
Refining & Marketing 2019
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Decarbonization and the circular economy
To ensure long-term sustainability of a low-carbon future, we are on a path towards decarbonization. It is one of the pillars on which our business model is based and supports an energy model in which everyone has access to innovative and clean mixes of energy. The urgent need to protect the environment is a great challenge but also an opportunity to save the planet while building a new, more inclusive economy. This requires our commitment and focus. We need to change mindsets and business models, which can be achieved by reducing waste.
We are developing renewable energy plants near our assets to power them or to release energy into the grid.
Where we are developing latest-generation technologies for latest-generation renewables and environmental protection.
HPC5: powerful research accelerator for zero-carbon energy.
This 27-year-old technician and researcher has just won the Boston MIT Technology Review prize for young innovators under 35. Meet Angelo Poletto.
The three technological innovations developed by Eni to use the energy released by the main sequence star.
We are producing electricity from wave power for offshore plants and coastal communities.
Luminescent solar concentrators transform diffused light into electricity.
We have made concentrated solar power plants more efficient, economical and versatile.
Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs): smart windows to you. Eni's research centre in Novara has reinvented photovoltaic solar power, giving birth to a new technology that creates energy.
In Ravenna’s offshore is the world's first hybrid system for collecting solar and wave energy and even storing it.
From France to Italy, all about new concentration plants.
Italy's role in the development of new technologies to produce energy efficiently from water.
The CSP technology, one of the many solutions developed by Eni for its decarbonization strategy, can now count on an innovative thermal energy storage system.
Molecular modeling and supercomputers, the constant work of Eni researchers to improve the technology of Organic PhotoVoltaics (OPV) and Luminescent Solar Concentrators (LSC).
The energy coming from the sea is still a huge potential. Eni's challenge is to exploit this capacity and hence, expand the field of renewables.
Digitalisation, people and transformation
Digital transformation is a process that affects our entire company across the board. It improves safety, ensures asset integrity, promotes people's skills, increases energy and operational efficiency and drives business opportunities. Italy is at the heart of this road, from project conception to building the first digital lighthouse. We are technologically committed in many areas: artificial intelligence, blockchain, virtual reality, augmented reality, advanced robotics, internet of things and sensors.
It is our people who bring about this transformation. By interacting with technology, we can act faster, more efficiently and more flexibly, ensuring that the company is increasingly sustainable in relation to the environment and its stakeholders and more competitive on the reference market, with the aim of contributing to the energy transition.
Find out more about digitization at Eni
Eni IT and the Green Data Center
The Green Data Center opened in Italy in 2013 and hosts all Eni’s application systems, processing infrastructure and central telecommunications systems. It is a highly technological plant built to international standards of excellence.
It provides IT services to management, industrial and commercial departments and all our sites, integrating with 20 local data rooms distributed throughout Italy, and providing services in more than 73 countries.
Our projects in Italy
A selection of detailed content.
Read our latest news to keep up-to-date with our work and projects across the country.
The latest news about Eni in Italy.