Historically the energy sector, both as an industry and as individual companies, follows and often imposes gradual shifts in the weighing of the importance of global confrontations and conflicts over power. Today we are facing a world characterized by new areas of production and consumption, especially in Asia with its rapid demographic and technological expansion. Asia is joining the historically established center that includes the democracies of the West, the OECD and the relatively small group of OPEC producers and Russia. Transnational energy relations are now fragmented to an unprecedented extent, and inevitably governance models are subject to major transformation. Moreover, countries are now taking on an identity without a “national interest” and are increasingly hybridized by those who evade the rules of liberal democracy. For example, the international agreements on decarbonization should replace both the market and the state, a singular contradiction that opens up significant economic and philosophical issues.
Humanity is being called upon to act according to models of behavioral biopolitics that take on complex interstate dimensions, taking shape as ideological landscapes in a way that has never been seen before. The conditioning of consciences goes hand in hand with countries’ constant denial of a “national interest,” until now the essence of their raison d’être. Mainly as a result of political transformations in the US, this has conversely gradually affirmed, with both difficulty and force, an opposed movement resistant to the financialization of politics and the economy and opposed to its denationalizing effects.