Global energy scenarios

The energy sector must ensure access to safe and increasingly clean energy for a growing world population.

Landscape with Milky way galaxy. Sunrise and Earth view from space with Milky way galaxy. (Elements of this image furnished by NASA)

How the world of energy is changing

The challenges for the sector

The global energy sector will present major challenges and opportunities in the coming years: from population to consumption growth, from energy security to climate change

Today, there are 8 billion people in the world, and further growth of around 20% is expected by 2050. It will concentrate in Africa, India and South-East Asia. In addition to population growth, energy consumption is expected to rise. Although it is stable in OECD countries, it is growing rapidly in India, South-East Asia, Africa and the Middle East.

The energy world is also characterised by evolving markets. Governments, institutions and companies are called upon to ensure reliability and efficiency of supply and, as confirmed by COP27, the commitment to keep global warming below 1.5°C compared to pre-industrial levels.

World Energy Review: Eni's report on the global energy sector

The World Energy Review is the statistical review on energy worldwide edited and presented by Eni. It is a precious resource for understanding the changes that are taking place and the energy transition process.


World Energy Review 2023

The first module of the review, now in its 22nd edition, is online.

Find out more

How is Eni addressing the current challenges?

Thanks to our distinctive approach characterised by scientific research and technological innovation, we face the challenges of the energy trilemma by achieving environmental sustainability alongside energy security and accessibility.

As it is aware of the current climate emergency and energy crisis, Eni aims to achieve carbon neutrality in 2050 by offering concrete solutions to preserve the environment and ensure a just and socially fair energy transition.

Eni is committed to diversifying its activities and sources. Thanks to a consolidated global portfolio that leverages new discoveries and a system of alliances and partnerships with companies and countries, Eni contributes to secure the energy supplies. Diversifying sources means exploring all the opportunities offered by renewable energy sources such as solar (photovoltaic and thermal) and wind power, marine energy, biofuel, biogas and biomethane. Through a series of joint initiatives in several African countries, Eni is developing an andvanced biofuel supply chain.

Security and diversification: Eni’s answers

We are implementing a clear strategy for each of the major changes in the energy industry that we have identified.

Energies of the future?

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