Global energy scenarios

The energy sector must ensure access to safe and increasingly clean energy for a growing world population.


How the world of energy is changing

The challenges for the sector

The global energy sector will present major challenges and opportunities in the coming years: from population to consumption growth, from energy security to climate change

Today, there are 8 billion people in the world, and further growth of around 20% is expected by 2050. It will concentrate in Africa, India and South-East Asia. In addition to population growth, energy consumption is expected to rise. Although it is stable in OECD countries, it is growing rapidly in India, South-East Asia, Africa and the Middle East.

The energy world is also characterised by evolving markets. Governments, institutions and companies are called upon to ensure reliability and efficiency of supply and, as confirmed by COP27, the commitment to keep global warming below 1.5°C compared to pre-industrial levels.

How is Eni addressing the current challenges?

As it is aware of the current climate emergency and energy crisis, Eni aims to achieve carbon neutrality in 2050 by offering concrete solutions to preserve the environment and ensure a sustainable and socially just energy transition. Scientific research and technological innovation underpin Eni's approach. 

Eni is committed to diversifying its activities and sources. Thanks to a consolidated global portfolio that leverages new discoveries and a system of alliances and partnerships with companies and countries, Eni contributes to secure the energy supplies. Diversifying sources means exploring all the opportunities offered by renewable energy sources such as solar (photovoltaic and thermal) and wind power, marine energy, biofuel, biogas and biomethane. Through a series of joint initiatives in several African countries, Eni is developing an andvanced biofuel supply chain.

Security and diversification: Eni’s answers

We are implementing a clear strategy for each of the major changes in the energy industry that we have identified.

World Energy Review: Eni's report on the global energy sector

Now in its 21st edition, the World Energy Review is the world statistical review on energy edited and presented by Eni. Considered a point of reference for the industry, this publication has followed its evolution from traditional to renewable sources, devoting more and more coverage to strategic topics such as natural gas and critical minerals, so called because they are used in many technologies that are fundamental for the energy transition.


World Energy Review 2022

As it highlights the energy transition process, the World Energy Review is a valuable resource to understand the ongoing changes.

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Eni for 2021: our sustainability report

Discover Eni's path towards the Just Transition. Our contribution to an energy transition that is able to guarantee access to energy and the achievement of the Zero Net target by 2050.

Interactive report