Developing energy from renewable sources and processes inspired by the circular economy model - such as the creation of biofuel production agri-hubs - covers an increasingly central role, to us.

Il piano di trasformazione digitale

The country in which we started is where we invest the most

Our challenges

In line with the European Union's goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2050, Italy is pursuing an energy strategy aimed at decarbonisation, investing in energy efficiency, renewable sources and the reconversion of the production system.

In a context in which the European Union continues to play a global leadership role in combating climate change, Italy is undergoing an important energy transition process, which will also be facilitated by the resources made available by the National Recovery and Resilience Plan, the NRRP. Our commitment to the ambitious national decarbonisation targets is increasingly aligning with a development model in sync with the UN's 2030 Agenda. Italy's decarbonisation strategy is based on a massive commitment to energy efficiency, investment in renewables and the ecological reconversion of the production system while never losing sight of energy security.

The strategy

We are developing several renewable energy projects throughout the country, strengthening our collaboration with universities and research centres. We are constantly striving to contribute to the country's energy security and to continuously improving industrial efficiency through a circular economy model.

In Italy we are involved in all facets of the energy chain: from upstream to refining and chemicals, from R&D to the sale of our products. Alongside our traditional businesses, our strategy is increasingly focused on the development of renewable energy sources and circular economy processes. Each day we work to develop the best technological solutions, in accordance with the objectives of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan and in constant compliance with national policy standards. We are pursuing an ambitious transformation strategy based on efficiency, digitisation, integration and the use of new technologies, not to mention the development of energy from renewable sources, in order to offer increasingly green, low-carbon and organic products reflecting the principles of the circular economy.  We continue to invest in Italy, developing technologies to change the way we produce and consume energy, generating value for society and the environment through 70 partnerships with Italian and international universities and research centres and 7 research centres in Italy, supported by the Green Data Center in Ferrara where HPC5, one of the most powerful supercomputers in the world, is located. Eni's transformation process began in 2014 in Venice, with the world's first conversion of a traditional refinery into a biorefinery, which was joined in 2019 by the Gela biorefinery, where in March 2021 we inaugurated the new plant that will allow up to 100% biomass to be used that does not compete with the food chain, and since October 2022, has phased out the use of oil palm in the biorefineries of Venezia and Gela, earlier in respect of the national regulatory requirements for fuel blending. Thanks to an Eni Rewind project, in the future it will be possible to produce bio-oil on an industrial scale, obtained from the conversion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste, which can be used in maritime transport or in biorefining to obtain high-performance biofuels. In September 2021 we signed a strategic agreement with Aeroporti di Roma for the introduction of biofuels for aviation and ground handling that will reduce the airport's emissions. In the area of renewables, we continue to expand our portfolio in the country, including through GreenIT, a joint venture created with CDP for the production of renewable energy. Also in this area, since 2016 we have launched a major project to disseminate solar panels while minimising land consumption, thanks to the use of reclaimed industrial land. In 2019 we launched a project to develop industrial-scale wave energy production plants together with our partners CDP, Terna and Fincantieri. In 2020 the partnership was further strengthened with the inauguration of an all-Italian marine energy research laboratory. In 2020 we also took up new challenges and opportunities, exploring the potential of developing projects to capture and sequester the CO₂ in depleted reservoirs, including by promoting the production of hydrogen, a key energy vector for the decarbonisation of the hard-to-abate sectors, thanks to partnerships stipulated with major companies operating in the country, including Enel, SNAM, Edison, Air Liquide and CDP. All of this is the result of the research we carry out in our laboratories, also in partnership with the country's most important universities and research centres, which demonstrates Italy’s strategic value in our development plans. In February 2022 we signed a three-year agreement with ENEA for the study and development of projects in the field of ecological and energy transition, which includes several focuses, from the production of energy from renewable sources with low-CO2 emissions to innovative processes for the exploitation of waste for the production of biogas and biomethane.

The main results in Italy

We produce energy in Italy to, with efficiency and sustainability in mind, in all our business areas. We are active along the entire energy value chain, from exploration to production, from refining to distribution of increasingly decarbonised energy products. The following infographics summarize the main results achieved in 2021.


Global Gas & LNG Portfolio in Italy 2021

retail customers in Italy
supply of natural gas in Italy
36.88 bcm gas sales by market in Italy
launched in the country
daily natural gas production
launched in the country
annual natural gas production

Exploration & Production 2021

identified in the country
369mm boe
estimated net proved hydrocarbons reserves
launched in the country
daily hydrocarbons production
dedicated to hydrocarbon production
productive gross oil
30 mm boe annual hydrocarbons production in the country
dedicated to hydrocarbon production
productive gross gas
main developed and undeveloped areas in the country
total net acreage
main developed and undeveloped areas in the country
14, 897 km²
total gross acreage

Refiring & Marketing in 2021

increased by 12% from 2020 as a result of the progressive economy reopening and greater mobility of
Retail sales
wholesale sales
decreased by 380 kliters from 2019
average gasoline and gasoil throughput
21.80 mmtonnes retail & wholesale sales refined products in Italy
decreased by 28.4% from 2019 following the depressed refining scenario
refinery throughputs on own account
distribution network in Italy in 2021
4,078in Italy
Eni's retail network consisted of service stations

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Decarbonization and the circular economy

To ensure long-term sustainability of a low-carbon future, we are on a path towards decarbonization. It is one of the pillars on which our business model is based and supports an energy model in which everyone has access to innovative and clean mixes of energy. Protecting the environment is a great opportunity to create a more sustainable and inclusive economy.

Agrofeedstock production for energy use

On 25 November 2022, we signed a cooperation agreement with BF to assess the development of crops for energy use in Italy, by recovering degraded, abandoned or polluted fields, not competing with food production, to help develop biofuels. The project, started with Coldiretti’s support, aims at creating a virtuous cycle to give new opportunities to Italian farming businesses, and promoting rural development, with the goal of helping to reduce CO2 emissions in the farming and transportation industries. Apart from Eni’s research and development in Sardegna, we also launched a new initiative entailing the study and the production of the first 2,000 hectares used for cultivating oilseeds on the national territory. Eni, BF and Consorzi Agrari d'Italia (CAI) will work together to spread digital technologies and precision farming to make the project even more sustainable. The pilot phase, aimed at cultivating the seeds from which the plant-based oil will be extracted, will being in the first months of 2023. The oil will then be transferred to Eni’s biorefineries to be transformed into biofuel. The farming production will meet the voluntary ISCC (International Sustainability & Carbon Certification), according to the European standards. Based on the results obtained, the partners will assess the industrial scalability of the project, on larger areas. The partnership with BG confirms how much the development of an agri-industrial chain on the territory holds a crucial role in diversifying energy sources.

The new agreement between Eni and BF consolidates the parity Agri-energy joint venture established in January 2021 to develop improved seeds for biorefining purposes. In 2022, Agri-Energy has already launched research projects, such as the one in the “open-air labs” of Arborea, Sardegna, to experiment with sustainable crops for energy production, on 15 hectares. Furthermore, JV promotes staff training and international agronomic project support initiatives. The partnership with BG confirms how much the development of an agri-industrial chain on the territory holds a crucial role in diversifying energy sources.


Renewably-sourced energy in Italy

We dedicate our work to researching and producing biofuels from biomasses and wave power, whilst with Plenitude, we develop projects to generate and sell wind and photovoltaic energy.

Digitalisation, people and transformation

Digital transformation is a process that affects our entire company across the board. It improves safety, ensures asset integrity, promotes people's skills, increases energy and operational efficiency and drives business opportunities. Italy is at the heart of this road, from project conception to building the first digital lighthouse. We are technologically committed in many areas: artificial intelligence, blockchain, virtual reality, augmented reality, advanced robotics, internet of things and sensors.

It is our people who bring about this transformation. By interacting with technology, we can act faster, more efficiently and more flexibly, ensuring that the company is increasingly sustainable in relation to the environment and its stakeholders and more competitive on the reference market, with the aim of contributing to the energy transition. 

Find out more about digitization at Eni



Eni IT and the Green Data Center

The Green Data Center opened in Italy in 2013 and hosts all Eni’s application systems, processing infrastructure and central telecommunications systems. It is a highly technological plant built to international standards of excellence. 

It provides IT services to management, industrial and commercial departments and all our sites, integrating with 20 local data rooms distributed throughout Italy, and providing services in more than 73 countries. 

The Green Data Center

Plenitude, the retail and business market energy sales company

Plenitude is the company dedicated to the sale of gas, electricity and energy solutions to households, apartment blocks and businesses. It is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eni SpA, set up to boost sales in the retail and business markets, with innovative solutions to move towards a more sustainable energy consumption model. Plenitude operates in 6 countries in Europe, with 1,600 employees10 million people in Europe have chosen our energy. We are the market leader in the sale of natural gas and electricity in Italy, with about 8 million customers. In September 2022 we entered a new partnership with Infrastrutture S.p.A. to develop solar and wind power projects in Italy and Spain by acquiring a 65% stake in Hergo Renewables S.P.A., a company that holds a portfolio of projects in the two countries with a total capacity of approximately 1.5GW. Furthermore, in Dicember 2022, Plenitude signed an agreement to acquire 100% of PLT (PLT Energia S.r.l and SEF S.r.l. and their respective subsidiaries and affiliates), an integrated Italian group producing electricity from renewables and supplying energy to retail customers, with a 1.6 GW renewable capacity portfolio in Italy and Spain and 90,000 retail customers. We have our own flagship stores in cities such as Milan, Bologna, Vicenza, Treviso, Padua and Parma and cover the whole of Italy with our commercial Eni Energy Store partners. 

Our projects in Italy

porto torres-chimica.jpg
Il risanamento di Porto Torres
Lancio Brochure Centro Ricerca Milazzo