Energy, materials and infrastructure are the pillars on which the vision of Joni Baboci, General Director for Urban Planning and Development of the city of Tirana, is centred. In his report entitled ‘Urban Circular Economy, Global value chains to local value loops’, promoted by the Triennale di Milano and Eni, he outlines the guidelines for the urban circular economy of the future. Although some paradigms have been challenged by the pandemic, cities will always play a crucial role because they "involve less use of infrastructure, deliver services more efficiently and combat poverty by acting as an economic lift".
“Over the last two centuries, the modern economy has been based on a form of sustained open-ended growth, thanks to constant innovation”, Baboci states. Now the one feature of this special kind of growth is compounding. At every cycle, the system accelerates. Now the world generates more than 2 billion tonnes of municipal solid waste every single year. Animal populations have plummeted, on average, by 60% since the 1970s. We have pushed the limits of the planet’s life support systems to the edge. We are approaching an interesting phase shift. What this change will look like is up to us”.