Up to now the growth and development of the world have followed a linear path. More production, more consumption, more wealth, more waste. It's impossible to believe that this same model which has been used until now in the world's richest countries can possibly be maintained and extended to all the other countries. We consume more than we need, we waste resources, energy, water, food and materials. Over the last 150 years, we have virtually doubled the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere with our way of living, causing an increase in the greenhouse effect that's already notably altering the planet's climate.
We are still a long way from the objective of keeping the increase in temperature below 2° C, as set out by the Paris Agreements. By 2030 we are supposed to reduce the amount of CO2 being discharged into the atmosphere from 32 to 24 billion tonnes per year. But if current trends continue as they are, it will actually rise above 34 billion.
It is for this reason that Eni – the first among the world's major energy companies – has set itself the objective of contributing to providing energy to the planet via a circular economy model. The Ellen MacArthur Foundation has defined the circular economy's three main principles as “Design out waste and pollution”, “Keep products and materials in use”, “Regenerate natural systems”. What is described here is a model which is perfectly in line with the Sustainable Development Goals, defined by the United Nations with a time horizon spanning the next decade, so as to arrive at the year 2030 living in a more sustainable world, one that is capable of providing energy to people who, thus far, have gone without.